Haryana is a State in the northern region of India with 22 districts and is the nation’s seventeenth most popular. The State borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north and Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region.
Haryana is primarily an agricultural state with almost 80% of its land under cultivation. The geographical area of the state is 44212 sq. km which is 1.3% of India’s geographical area. It is not bestowed with bounty of natural forests and only 3.9% of its geographical area is under notified forests. As per India State of Forest Report, FSI, 2013, the Forest Cover in the state is 1586 sq.km which is 3.59% of the state’s geographical area and the Tree Cover in the state is 1282 sq. km which is 2.90% of the geographical area. Thus the Forest and Tree Cover of the Haryana state is 6.49% of its geographical area. Forestry activities in the state are dispersed over rugged Shiwalik Hills in north, Aravalli hills in south, sand dunes in west and wastelands, saline-alkaline lands and waterlogged sites in the central part of the state.
The Aravallis and the Shiwaliks are its two biodiversity hot spots. The State is endowed with a rich biodiversity of bird species. Out of 1250 bird species found in Indian sub continent, approx. 600 species are found in Haryana.